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Michigan Congressional Delegation

Committee Roles

 

U.S. House of Representatives

HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 
Rep. John Moolenaar

The U.S. Committee On Appropriations is responsible for passing appropriation bills along with its Senate counterpart. The bills passed by the Appropriations Committee regulate expenditures of money by the government of the United States. As such, the Appropriations committee is widely recognized as one of the "power committees," since it holds the power of the purse. Openings on the Appropriations committee are often hotly demanded. It is one of the exclusive committees of the House, meaning its members typically sit on no other committee. Under House Rules, an exception to this is that five Members of the Appropriations Committee must serve on the House Budget Committee—three for the Majority and two for the Minority. Much of the power of the committee comes from the inherent utility of controlling spending. Its subcommittee chairmen are often called "Cardinals" because of the power they wield over the budget.

 

HOUSE COMMITTEE ON BUDGET
Rep. Jack Bergman

The U.S. House Committee on the Budget, commonly known as the House Budget Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. Its responsibilities include legislative oversight of the federal budget process, reviewing all bills and resolutions on the budget, and monitoring agencies and programs funded outside of the budgetary process.

 
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND THE WORKFORCE
Rep. Paul MitchellSubcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, & Pensions; Subcommittee on Higher Education & Workforce Development
Rep. Tim Walberg ChairSubcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, & Pensions

This Committee’s basic jurisdiction is over education and workforce programs generally, from early learning through secondary education, from job training through retirement. Included are access to health care, job training and workforce development initiatives, occupational safety and worker health, wages and labor/employment laws.

 

The Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor & Pensions has oversight for all matters dealing with relationships between employers and employees, including but not limited to the National Labor Relations Act, the Labor-Management Relations Act, and the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act; the Bureau of Labor Statistics; and employment-related health and retirement security, including pension, health, and other employee benefits and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA). 

 
HOUSE ENERGY & COMMERCE (E&C) COMMITTEE
Rep. Debbie Dingell - Subcommittee on Digital Commerce & Consumer Protection
Rep. Fred Upton - Chair, Subcommittee on Energy; Subcommittee on Health

Rep. Tim Walberg  - Subcommittee on Energy; Subcommittee on Environment; Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations

 

The E&C Committee is by far the most relevant to all matters for the bio-industry. It oversees food, drug and device safety, public health research, environmental quality, energy (i.e., renewable fuels) policy, interstate and foreign commerce, consumer protection and telecommunications. That means the Departments of Health & Human Services (including the National Institutes of Health, Food & Drug Administration, Centers for Medicaid & Medicare Services, Center for Disease Control & Prevention, and Biomedical Advanced Research & Development Authority), Energy, Commerce and Transportation, along with the Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Trade Commission and Federal Communications Commission, fall under the Committee’s oversight.

 

The Subcommittee on Digital Commerce & Consumer Protection has oversight for interstate and foreign commerce, including all trade matters within the jurisdiction of the full committee; regulation of commercial practices (the Federal Trade Commission), including sports-related matters; consumer affairs and consumer protection, including privacy matters generally; data security; consumer product safety (the Consumer Product Safety Commission); product liability; motor vehicle safety; and regulation of travel, tourism, and time.

 

The Subcommittee on Energy has jurisdiction over national energy policy; fossil energy; renewable energy; nuclear energy; nuclear facilities; the Department of Energy; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; synthetic and alternative fuels; energy conservation; energy information; utility issues; interstate energy compacts; energy generation, marketing, reliability, transmission, siting, exploration, production, efficiency, cybersecurity, and ratemaking for all generated power; pipelines; all laws, programs, and government activities affecting energy matters, including all aspects of the above-referenced jurisdiction related to the Department of Homeland Security.

 

The Subcommittee on Health has broad responsibility over public health and quarantine; hospital construction; mental health; biomedical research and development; health information technology, privacy, and cybersecurity; public health insurance (Medicare, Medicaid) and private health insurance; medical malpractice and medical malpractice insurance; the regulation of food, drugs, and cosmetics; drug abuse; the Department of Health and Human Services; the National Institutes of Health; the Centers for Disease Control; Indian Health Service; and all aspects of the above-referenced jurisdiction related to the Department of Homeland Security.

 

The Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations has responsibility for oversight of agencies, departments, and programs related to the jurisdiction of the full committee, and for conducting investigations.

 
HOUSE FINANCIAL SERVICES COMMITTEE
Rep. Bill Huizenga Vice-Chair, Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Securities & Investment; Subcommittee on Monetary Policy & Trade
Rep. Dan Kildee – Subcommittee on Housing & Insurance; Subcommittee of Monetary Policy & Trade; Subcommittee on Terrorism & Illicit Finance
Rep. David Trott - Subcommittee on Housing & Insurance; Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations

The Financial Services Committee includes oversight over banks and banking, including deposit insurance and Federal monetary policy; economic stabilization, defense production, renegotiation, and control of the price of commodities, rents, and services; financial aid to commerce and industry (other than transportation); insurance generally; international finance, international financial and monetary organizations; money and credit, including currency and the issuance of notes and redemption thereof; gold and silver, including the coinage thereof; valuation and revaluation of the dollar; public and private housing; securities and exchanges; and urban development.

 

The Capital Markets Subcommittee has jurisdiction over issues surrounding securities, exchanges and finance including SEC Commission, as well as capital market activities including capital formation and venture capital.

 

 

HOUSE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
Rep. John Conyers, Jr. – Ranking Member
The Judiciary Committee covers many matters relating to the administration of justice and law enforcement, as well as immigration policy. But as it relates to the bio-industry, the Committee especially through its Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and Internet, oversees patents, the Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO), copyrights and trademarks, protection of trade and commerce.
 
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND GOVERNMENT REFORM
Rep. Justin Amash - Subcommittee on Information Technology; Subcommittee on National Security
Rep. Brenda Lawrence - Subcommittee on Government Operations
Rep. Paul Mitchell - Subcommittee on Health Care, Benefits & Administrative Rules

 The Oversight Committee oversees impediments to economic growth and job creation, monetary policy and tax policy.  In addition, its Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care and Entitlements has jurisdiction over federal health policy, food and drug safety, energy policy and solvency of federal entitlement programs like Medicare.

 
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, SPACE AND TECHNOLOGY
 The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology has jurisdiction over all energy research, development, and demonstration, and projects therefor, and all federally owned or operated non-military energy laboratories; astronautical research and development, including resources, personnel, equipment, and facilities; civil aviation research and development; environmental research and development; marine research; commercial application of energy technology; National Institute of Standards and Technology, standardization of weights and measures and the metric system; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; National Science Foundation; National Weather Service; outer space, including exploration and control thereof; science scholarships; scientific research, development, and demonstration, and projects therefor. The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology shall review and study on a continuing basis laws, programs, and Government activities relating to non-military research and development.
 
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON SMALL BUSINESS
The Small Business Committee has oversight for the protection and assistance of small businesses including matters related to small business financial aid and regulatory flexibility, as well as the Small Business Administration (SBA) and its programs.
 
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION & INFRASTRUCTURE
Rep. Brenda Lawrence - Subcommittee on Water Resources & Environment
Rep. Paul Mitchell - Vice-Chair, Subcommittee on Aviation; Subcommittee on Highways & Transit; Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines & Hazardous Materials

The Transportation and Infrastructure Committee includes all modes of transportation: aviation, maritime and waterborne transportation, roads, bridges, mass transit, and railroads; clean water and waste water management, the transport of resources by pipeline, flood damage reduction; economic development of depressed rural and urban areas; and disaster preparedness and response.

 
HOUSE WAYS & MEANS COMMITTEE
Rep. Mike Bishop - Subcommittee on Human Resources; Subcommittee on Oversight
Rep. Sander Levin Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Health;  Subcommittee on Trade
Ways & Means oversees revenue and taxes, payments for healthcare (e.g., Medicare), health delivery systems and health research, economic growth policies, and trade and tariff legislation. Matters like the medical device tax, Medicare spending and payments, and foreign trade agreements (e.g., Trans-Pacific Partnership) fall under the Ways & Means Committee’s oversight.
The jurisdiction of the Subcommittee on Human Resources shall include bills and matters referred to the Committee on Ways and Means that relate to the public assistance provisions of the Social Security Act, including temporary assistance for needy families, child care, child and family services, child support, foster care, adoption, supplemental security income, social services, eligibility of welfare recipients for food stamps, and low-income energy assistance. Oversight shall also include bills and matters referred to the Committee on Ways and Means that relate to the Federal-State system of unemployment compensation, and the financing thereof, including the programs for extended and emergency benefits.

The Subcommittee on Oversight oversees all matters within the scope of the full Committee’s jurisdiction but shall is limited to existing law and is concurrent with that of the other Subcommittees.  With respect to matters involving the Internal Revenue Code and other revenue issues, the Subcommittee's jurisdiction is  shared with the full Committee. 

 

 

HOUSE COMMITTEE ON VETERANS AFFAIRS
Rep. Paul Mitchell - Chair, Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations; Subcommittee on Disability Assistance & Memorial Affairs 
The Committee on Veterans' Affairs is the authorizing Committee for the Department of Veterans Affairs. The Committee recommends legislation expanding, curtailing, or fine-tuning existing laws relating to veterans' benefits. The Committee also has oversight responsibility, which means monitoring and evaluating the operations of the VA. It is the "voice" of Congress for veterans in dealings with the VA. Specifically, the Committee has broad oversight of veterans' measures generally; pensions of all the wars of the U.S., general and special; life insurance issued by the government on account of service in the Armed Forces; compensation, vocational rehabilitation, and education of veterans; veterans' hospitals, medical care, and treatment of veterans; soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief; readjustment of servicemen to civilian life; and national Cemeteries.

The Subcommittee on Disability Assistance and Memorial Affairs, which shall have legislative, oversight, and investigative jurisdiction over compensation; general and special pensions of all the wars of the United States.

 

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U.S. SENATE

SENATE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION AND FORESTRY
Sen. Debbie Stabenow Ranking Member
The Senate Ag Committee has jurisdiction over agricultural commodities, inspection of livestock, meat, and agricultural products, plant industry, agricultural biotechnology and engineering, as well as bio-energy crops and renewable chemicals from feedstock, among others. Much, if not all, of these issues are shaped into law via the Farm Bill that must be authorized every five years. 
 
SENATE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
Sen. Gary Peters
The Senate Armed Services Committee has jurisdiction over the Department of Defense and its many divisions. Of most relevance to the bio-industry is military research and development through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and military operations such as drop-in biofuels and battle preparedness (i.e., medical devices, bioterrorism prevention).
 
SENATE COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET 
Sen. Debbie Stabenow

The Budget Committee is one of the Senate’s newer committees, created by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974. While the Committee has seen its duties and functions change over the years due to the enactment of new laws and changes to Senate budget responsibilities, the Committee remains responsible for drafting budget plans for Congress and for monitoring and enforcing rules surrounding spending, revenue, and the federal budget.

 
SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE & TRANSPORTATION
Sen. Gary Peters
The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects: Coast Guard; coastal zone management; communications, highway safety, inland waterways, except construction, interstate commerce, marine and ocean navigation, safety, and transportation, including navigational aspects of deepwater ports, marine fisheries, merchant marine and navigation, non-military aeronautical and space sciences, oceans, weather, and atmospheric activities, Panama Canal and interoceanic canals generally, regulation of consumer products and services, including testing related to toxic substances, other than pesticides, and except for credit, financial services, and housing, regulation of interstate common carriers, including railroads, buses, trucks, vessels, pipelines, and civil aviation, science, engineering, and technology research and development and policy, sports, standards and measurement, transportation, transportation and commerce aspects of outer continental shelf lands. Also, the committee studies and reviews, on a comprehensive basis, all matters relating to science and technology, oceans policy, transportation, communications, and consumer affairs, and report thereon from time to time.
 
SENATE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY & NATURAL RESOURCES 
Sen. Debbie Stabenow

The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and its predecessors have considered, reported, and overseen some of the most important legislation ever enacted by the United States Congress. This far-reaching legislative activity can be described in the following major areas: energy resources and development, including regulation, conservation, strategic petroleum reserves and appliance standards; nuclear energy; Indian affairs; public lands and their renewable resources; surface mining, Federal coal, oil, and gas, other mineral leasing; territories and insular possessions; and water resources.

 
SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE
Sen. Debbie Stabenow – Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Resources & Infrastructure; Subcommittee on Health Care; Subcommittee on International Trade & Global Competitiveness
The Senate Finance Committee concerns itself with matters relating to taxation and other revenues, trade and tariffs, health programs including Medicare, Medicaid, energy and other matters. It has sole or shared jurisdiction over the activities of numerous agencies and offices including but not limited to Agriculture, Commerce (Int’l Trade Administration, Economic Development Administration), Health & Human Services (CMS), Homeland Security (Customs), Labor (Employment and Training Administration, Pension & Welfare Benefits Administration - ERISA), Treasury (IRS, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms, and ERISA group health plans including HIPAA), Physician Payment Review Commission, and Industry Trade Advisory Committees.
 
SENATE COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY & GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS

Sen. Gary Peters

 

The Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (HSGAC) is the Senate’s primary oversight committee with broad jurisdiction over government operations generally and the Department of Homeland Security in particular. Its primary responsibilities are to study the efficiency, economy, and effectiveness of all agencies and departments of the federal government; evaluate the effects of laws enacted to reorganize the legislative and executive branches of government; and study the intergovernmental relationships between the U.S. and states and municipalities, and between the U.S. and international organizations of which the U.S. is a member.

 

  

JOINT ECONOMY COMMITTEE
Sen. Gary Peters

The Joint Economic Committee (JEC) was created when Congress passed the Employment Act of 1946. Under this Act, Congress established two advisory panels: the President's Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) and the Joint Economic Committee. Their primary tasks are to review economic conditions and to recommend improvements in economic policy. Chairmanship of the Committee alternates between the Senate and House every Congress. 

 

Creating Value
by delivering business-critical resources & bottom line savings
Building Networks
by connecting Michigan's bio-industry one member at a time
Growing Talent
by creating opportunities that develop people & build organizations
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